A rotational and vibrational investigation of phenylpropiolonitrile (C$_6$H$_5$C$_3$N)

Laboratory Spectroscopy for Astrophysics: Festschrift for Stephan Schlemmer

Abstract

The evidence for benzonitrile (C6H5CN) in the starless cloud core TMC–1 makes high-resolution studies of other aromatic nitriles and their ring-chain derivatives especially timely. One such species is phenylpropiolonitrile (3-phenyl-2-propynenitrile, C6H5C3N), whose spectroscopic characterization is reported here for the first time. The low resolution (0.5 cm$^{-1}$) vibrational spectrum of C6H5C3N has been recorded at far- and mid-infrared wavelengths (50–3500 cm$^{-1}$) using a Fourier Transform interferometer, allowing for the assignment of band centers of 14 fundamental vibrational bands. The pure rotational spectrum of the species has been investigated using a chirped-pulse Fourier transform microwave (FTMW) spectrometer (6–18 GHz), a cavity enhanced FTMW instrument (6–20 GHz), and a millimeter-wave one (75–100 GHz, 140–214 GHz). Through the assignment of more than 6200 lines, accurate ground state spectroscopic constants (rotational, centrifugal distortion up to octics, and nuclear quadrupole hyperfine constants) have been derived from our measurements, with a plausible prediction of the weaker bands through calculations. Interstellar searches for this highly polar species can now be undertaken with confidence since the astronomically most interesting radio lines have either been measured or can be calculated to very high accuracy below 300 GHz.

Publication
The Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy

This article is part of the special issue Laboratory Spectroscopy for Astrophysics: Festschrift for Stephan Schlemmer.

Zachary Buchanan
Zachary Buchanan
Chateaubriand Fellow

Zachary was a Chateaubriand Fellow at ISMO in 2019.

Olivia Chitarra
Olivia Chitarra
PhD student

PhD student at Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay (ISMO) under the direction of Olivier Pirali and Marie-Aline Martin-Drumel.

Olivier Pirali
Olivier Pirali
Director of Research

My research interests includes high resolution molecular spectroscopy, laboratory astrophysics, and THz generation.

Marie-Aline Martin-Drumel
Marie-Aline Martin-Drumel
Researcher

My research interests focus on molecular spectroscopy of stable molecules and reactive species, and its applications for astrophysics and physical-chemistry.